3 Ways to Measure Grams - wikiHow (2024)

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The gram is the basic unit of measurement for weight and mass in the metric and SI measurement systems. It is often used to weigh small items, such as dry goods in a kitchen. The only way to accurately measure in grams is to use a scale. Other tools, such as kitchen cups and spoons, provide a rough estimate. Also, keep a conversion calculator or chart on hand so you can measure grams when you don't have a scale available.

Method 1

Method 1 of 3:

Measuring with a Scale

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  1. 1

    Choose a scale that measures in grams. Make sure the scale can handle the size of objects you plan on weighing. Since a gram is a metric unit of measurement, your scale needs to use the metric system. Scales are available in digital and mechanical models.

    • For example, a kitchen scale is used to measure kitchen ingredients. A body weight scale is much larger and can tolerate heavier items.
    • Digital scales are easier to use and more accurate, but mechanical scales are less expensive.
  2. 2

    Weigh an empty container first before putting an item in it. If you plan to measure something you can’t put directly on the scale, weigh the container before putting the item in it. It is the only way to accurately measure loose objects like flour and sugar. This way, the container’s mass isn’t counted in the final measurement.[1]

    • For example, when weighing out a cup of flour, put the empty measuring cup or spoon on the scale first.
    • If your scale does not have a tare function, note the weight of the container so you can subtract it from the final measurement.


  3. 3

    Press the tare button to zero out the scale. The mysterious button labeled "tare" on digital scales is a reset button. Press the tare button after each item you measure on the scale. If you weighed a container, you can fill it now.[2]

    • If you are using a mechanical scale, the scale will have a knob you turn to 0. The scale’s measuring needle should point to 0 at the center of the dial.
    • For the most accurate measurements, always zero out the scale when there is nothing on it, then again after placing a container on it.

    3 Ways to Measure Grams - wikiHow (7)

    J. Kenji López-Alt, Famous Chef and Food Science Writer

    For baking recipes requiring precision, a digital kitchen scale measuring ingredients by weight rather than volume is crucial. Versatile scales that measure in grams and ounces ensure accuracy across recipes. Check calibration with a weight or coin, then place mixing bowl on scale, hit tare to reset to zero, and add ingredients until reaching target gram measurements.

  4. 4

    Set the object you wish to measure on the scale. Place your object in the center of the scale. If you measured a container first, you can now put the object you wish to measure inside the container. The scale will then calculate the heaviness of your object.[3]

    • For an accurate reading, make sure the entire object is on the scale.
    • For example, if you’re weighing apple slices, you can either place them on the scale directly or move them into a container you previously weighed.
  5. 5

    Finish weighing the object on the scale. Wait for the scale’s digital display or needle to come to a stop. When it finishes moving, read the number to find out how heavy the object is. Make sure that the weight is in grams. Then, remove your object and hit the tare button again to reset the scale.

    • If you did not zero out the scale first, subtract the weight of the container from the final measurement you see now.
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Method 2

Method 2 of 3:

Using Measuring Cups and Spoons

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  1. 1

    Get a spoon or cup that measures in grams. Visit a store that sells kitchen supplies to find a variety of measuring tools. The most accurate of these tools, besides scales, are spoons designed to measure grams. They will likely have both milliliters and grams listed on the handles.[4]

    • Spoons and cups can never be as precise as scales, but they can be used as containers and placed on scales.
    • Spoons that have measurements like “tablespoon” can be used, but these measurements aren’t descriptive and vary from spoon to spoon.
    • Some glass measuring cups have gram measurements printed on them and can also be used.
  2. 2

    Fill the spoon with the ingredient you want to measure. Select your measuring tool, then fill it with your ingredient. This is easy with spoons, since all you have to do is dip the spoon into the ingredient. You will have a quantity close to the measurement listed on the spoon without having to weigh it.[5]

    • For example, if you need 15 g of flour, dip your 15 g spoon into the flour to fill it completely.
    • If you have measuring devices that use tablespoons and teaspoons, look up a conversion chart such as https://www.exploratorium.edu/cooking/convert/measurements.html.
  3. 3

    Level off the ingredient with a knife. Pick up a butter knife or another dull item you can drag along the spoon without damaging it. Hold it flat against the top of the spoon and drag it all the way across. This will knock any excess off the spoon, giving you a more accurate measurement.[6]

    • Anything above the spoon’s brim is considered excess. Scrape off the excess every time you measure an ingredient.
  4. 4

    Use the ingredient in your recipe. Using the spoon or measuring cup, you will have a rough estimate of the ingredient you need. For better accuracy, place the spoon or cup on a scale and measure it again.

    • Spoons and cups can’t measure mass precisely. For example, a spoonful of flour is always going to be a different weight than a spoonful of herbs or nuts.
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Method 3

Method 3 of 3:

Converting Other Measurements to Grams

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  1. 1

    Multiply kilograms by 1,000 to convert to grams. A kilogram is equal to 1,000 grams. If you are measuring something large, you can use this fact to convert easily between units. Convert grams back to kilograms by dividing by 1,000.

    • For example, 11.5 kg is the same as 11,500 g. 3 Ways to Measure Grams - wikiHow (17).
  2. 2

    Use a calculator to change ounces to grams. An ounce is the basic mass and weight unit in the imperial measurement system, used in countries such as the U.S. Multiply the amount of ounces by 28.34952 to convert it to grams. This is a harder conversion, so you may need a calculator or online conversion tool such as https://www.rapidtables.com/convert/weight/ounce-to-gram.html.[7]

    • For example, 12 oz equals about 340.12 g. 3 Ways to Measure Grams - wikiHow (19).
    • You may also see pounds. This is an imperial measurement similar to kilograms. There are 16 ounces in a pound.
  3. 3

    Use an online converter to change cups to grams. A “gram” is a measurement of mass, often used for solid items like flour and sugar. “Cup” or “teaspoon” are a few measurements of volume, used for liquids like cooking oil and water in a kitchen. You can convert these quickly by using a conversion tool such as https://www.convertunits.com/from/grams/to/teaspoon+[US].[8]

    • These measurements are not interchangeable, so there is no single conversion formula.
    • Many cooking instructions now include both cup and gram measurements.
  4. 4

    View a conversion chart for common cup-to-gram measurements. This can help you deal with recipes that don’t measure in grams, as well as ingredients you add in small batches. Search online to convert specific ingredients into grams or use a general conversion chart like the one at https://www.exploratorium.edu/cooking/convert/measurements.html.[9]

    • 1 gram of instant yeast is about ⅓ of a teaspoon.
    • 1 gram of table salt is about ⅙ of a teaspoon.
    • A gram of baking soda or baking powder is approximately ⅕ of a teaspoon.
    • 1 gram of ground cinnamon equals approximately ⅜ of a teaspoon.
    • 1 gram of diastatic malt powder or active dry yeast is about ¼ of teaspoon.
  5. 5

    Write down cup-to-gram comparisons you use often. A cup of 1 ingredient is not equal in weight to a cup of another ingredient. Because every ingredient differs a lot by weight, it can be helpful to keep in mind a few common conversions for when you don’t have a scale handy. You can also use a conversion chart, such as at http://dish.allrecipes.com/cup-to-gram-conversions/.[10]

    • For example, a cup of butter is about 227 g.
    • A cup of all-purpose flour or confectioners’ sugar equals about 128 g.
    • A cup of honey, molasses, or syrup equals about 340 g.
    • Chocolate chips vary from brand to brand, but a cup is about 150 g.[11]
    • A cup of cocoa powder equals about 100 g.
    • 1 cup of chopped walnuts or pecans is about 120 g.
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Community Q&A


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  • Question

    140 grams of papaya is how many cups?

    3 Ways to Measure Grams - wikiHow (23)

    Community Answer

    In U.S. cups, 140 grams of raw papaya in cubes would be about one cup.

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Things You'll Need

Measuring with a Scale

  • A digital scale
  • A container

Using Measuring Cups and Spoons

  • Gram measuring cup or spoon
  • Knife


  1. http://www.pbs.org/food/fresh-tastes/five-reasons-to-use-a-kitchen-scale/
  2. http://www.pbs.org/food/fresh-tastes/five-reasons-to-use-a-kitchen-scale/
  3. https://youtu.be/2W1j5VFLQ7s?t=105
  4. https://www.thecalculatorsite.com/articles/cooking/cooking-weights-and-measures.php
  5. https://www.thecalculatorsite.com/articles/cooking/cooking-weights-and-measures.php
  6. https://www-s3-live.kent.edu/s3fs-root/s3fs-public/file/Measuring.pdf
  7. https://www.rapidtables.com/convert/weight/ounce-to-gram.html
  8. https://www.convertunits.com/from/grams/to/teaspoon+[US]
  9. https://www.allrecipes.com/article/cup-to-gram-conversions/
  1. http://dish.allrecipes.com/cup-to-gram-conversions/
  2. https://www.errenskitchen.com/cooking-conversions/cups-to-grams-and-oz/

About This Article

3 Ways to Measure Grams - wikiHow (39)

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Academic Tutor

This article was co-authored by David Jia. David Jia is an Academic Tutor and the Founder of LA Math Tutoring, a private tutoring company based in Los Angeles, California. With over 10 years of teaching experience, David works with students of all ages and grades in various subjects, as well as college admissions counseling and test preparation for the SAT, ACT, ISEE, and more. After attaining a perfect 800 math score and a 690 English score on the SAT, David was awarded the Dickinson Scholarship from the University of Miami, where he graduated with a Bachelor’s degree in Business Administration. Additionally, David has worked as an instructor for online videos for textbook companies such as Larson Texts, Big Ideas Learning, and Big Ideas Math. This article has been viewed 314,086 times.

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Co-authors: 14

Updated: February 20, 2024


Categories: Mathematics

Article SummaryX

The most accurate way to measure grams is to use a scale. Choose a digital or mechanical scale that uses the metric system, then press the tare button to zero it out. Place your item on the center of the scale, wait for the scale’s digital display or needle to come to a stop, and record the grams. If you're cooking and need to convert cups to grams, use an online converter or search for a web-based conversion chart that lists common dry ingredients and their cup-to-gram measurements. If you want to learn how to convert other weight measurements to grams, keep reading the article!

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In other languages

Português:Medir Gramas

Español:medir gramos

Bahasa Indonesia:Mengukur Gram

Nederlands:In gram wegen

العربية:تقدير الوزن بالجرام

हिन्दी:ग्राम मापें (Measure grams)



한국어:그램 측정하는 법

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3 Ways to Measure Grams - wikiHow (2024)


What are different ways to measure grams? ›

You can use a measuring cup or measuring spoon to estimate amounts, but for the most accurate way to measure ingredients, you should use a digital kitchen scale (or food scale).

What are 3 objects measured in grams? ›

Items commonly measured in grams include flour, bread, oats and cereals, pasta, sugar, butter, chopped vegetables and honey or molasses and dry fruits etc. This measurement shows how much of the item is needed or included by weight, so consumers can properly understand its mass without thinking about size.

How to measure 3 grams? ›

The only way to accurately measure in grams is to use a scale. Other tools, such as kitchen cups and spoons, provide a rough estimate. Also, keep a conversion calculator or chart on hand so you can measure grams when you don't have a scale available.

What measures one gram? ›

1 gram is roughly equal to the mass of 1 small paper clip or pen cap. The Japanese 1 yen coin has a mass of 1 gram, lighter than the British penny (3.56 g), the United States penny (2.5 g), the Euro cent (2.30 g), and the Australian 5 cent coin (2.80 g).

What are 5 things measured in grams? ›

Mustard seeds10
3 more rows

What are the different types of grams? ›

There are four different types of grams: absolute, atomic, metric, and troy. An absolute gram is defined as the mass of a physical object that is equal to one-thousandth of a kilogram.

What is basic 3 measurement? ›

Measurement is the action of measuring time, weight, height, temperature, length, speed, and more. Standard units, such as seconds, hours, pounds, inches, and degrees, are the common units used to measure things.

How do you measure grams in science? ›

1: An analytical balance makes very sensitive mass measurements in a laboratory, usually in grams. Other common units of mass are the gram and the milligram. A gram is 1/1000th of a kilogram, meaning that there are 1000g in 1kg. A milligram is 1/1000th of a gram, so there are 1000mg in 1g.

What are the three measurements of weight? ›

The US customary units for measuring weight are ounces, pounds, and tons.

How can I measure grams in a teaspoon? ›

In this instance, our original conversion (1 teaspoon = 5 grams) holds true. This is because 1 teaspoon is equal to a volume of 5 mL. And since we know that 1 mL of water is equal to 1 g of water, then we know that 5 mL of water is also equal to 5 g of water, because 1 tsp x 1 g/mL = 5 mL x 1 g/mL = 5 g.

Can you measure a gram with a spoon? ›

Grams are a measure of mass, and teaspoons measure volume. The correct conversion depends on the density of the item you're measuring. Water has a density of 1 g/ml, so the conversion is 1 gram to 1 millileter, which is equivalent to 0.2 teaspoons.

How many grams is a penny? ›

Pennies minted after 1983 weigh 2.50 grams while the earlier copper pennies, from 1865 through 1982, weigh 3.11 grams. Pennies made between 1859 and 1864 had a different composition, with the same diameter, and weighed 4.67 grams. A roll of pennies contains 50 coins.

What measures mass in grams? ›

Metric Units

The gram and kilogram are two units used to measure mass in the metric system . From the gram, we get the rest of the metric units using the standard metric prefixes. A paper clip has a mass of about 1 gram. A 1 liter bottle of water has a mass of 1 kilogram (plus a little bit extra for the plastic).

How can I weigh something in grams without a scale? ›

There are a few ways to estimate measurements without using a scale: Using Measuring Cups: If you have measuring cups, you can use these to estimate the weight. For granulated sugar, 1 cup is roughly equivalent to 200 grams. So, you can use a measuring cup to scoop out the sugar until it reaches the 1-cup mark.

How can I measure grams without measuring? ›

Your hands are also good tools for calculating the weight of ingredients without scales. A handful of short pasta equals 40 grams, while a handful of spaghetti is 80 grams. In the case of rice and other grains, a handful equals 45 grams. On the other hand, a handful of any type of flour is 30 grams.

How can I measure grams without a scale or measuring cups? ›

Measuring grams with a soup spoon. One tablespoon is equivalent to three teaspoons . Therefore, it is easier to calculate 100 grams of rice or 100 grams of sugar with a tablespoon. In the case of liquid ingredients, one tablespoon is equivalent to 10 to 12 milliliters, depending on the density.

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